Inequities, Stigma, Discrimination related to Sexual and Reproductive Health

Aniteye P, O’Brien B, Mayhew SH, Stigmatized by association: challenges for abortion service providers in Ghana, 2016, BMC Health Services Research, Vol: 16, p486.

Using qualitative research method this study demonstrate how abortion stigma is a barrier to service providers, researchers, and service users.

Amone-P’Olak K, Lekhutlile TM, Ovuga E, Abbott RA, Meiser-Stedman R, Stewart DG, Jones PB, Sexual violence and general functioning among formerly abducted girls in Northern Uganda: the mediating roles of stigma and community relations - the WAYS study, 2016, BMC Public Health, Vol: 16, p64

This cross sectional study demonstrate how sexual violence and poor general functioning is mediated by stigma and poor community relationship

Inhorn MC, Middle Eastern Masculinities in the Age of New Reproductive Technologies: Male Infertility and Stigma in Egypt and Lebanon, 2004, Medical Anthropology Quarterly, Vol: 18, No: 2, p162-182.

This ethnographic study demonstrate how male infertility is particularly problematic for Middle Eastern men in their pronatalist societies; where, both virility and fertility are tied to manhood.

Teng FF, Mitchell SM, Sekikubo M, Biryabarema C, Byamugisha JK, Steinberg M, Money DM, Ogilvie GS, Understanding the role of embarrassment in gynaecological screening: a qualitative study from the ASPIRE cervical cancer screening project in Uganda, 2014, BMJ Open, Vol: 4, e004783.

Using qualitative method, this study this study demonstrates the important role of psychosocial barriers in cervical cancer screening and the factors that facilitate the modification of these barriers

Rosser JI, Njoroge B, Huchko MJ, Cervical Cancer Stigma in rural Kenya: What does HIV have to do with it?, 2016, Journal of Cancer Education, Vol: 31, p413-418.

This cross sectional study reports the cervical cancer stigma arises from the association with HIV and other sexually transmitted infection which is creating a barrier to the utilization of cervical cancer programs in sub-Saharan Africa.

Crawforda M, Menger LM, Kaufman MR, ‘This is a natural process’: Managing menstrual stigma in Nepal, 2014: Culture, Health & Sexuality, Vol: 16, No: 4, p426-439.

This exploratory study discusses the Napali women’s experience of menarche, menstrual stigma and coping strategies.

Bommaraju A, Kavanaugh ML, Hou MY, Bessett D, Situating Stigma in Stratified Reproduction: Abortion stigma and miscarriage stigma as barriers to reproductive health care, 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, Vol: 10, p62-69.

Situating stigma in stratified reproduction this paper analyse the relationship between race, reporting a history of abortion, and perceptions of abortion and miscarriage stigma among recently post-partum women from U.S cities.

Mohammadi F, Kohan S, Mostafavi F, Gholami A, The Stigma of Reproductive Health Services Utilization by Unmarried Women, 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, Vol: 18, No: 3, e24231.

This paper explores the how the stigma in the context of the utilization of reproductive health services by unmarried women places limitations for using reproductive health services.

Cockrill K, Nack A, “I’m not that type of person”: Managing the stigma of having an abortion, 2013: Deviant Behaviour, Vol; 34, p973-990.

As abortions is fraught with controversy and judgment, shaping painful stigma that may have ongoing ramifications throughout a woman’s life, this paper explain how abortion stigma is deeply entangled with social constructions of feminine ‘‘goodness,’’ such that it disproportionately impacts women and incentivizes concealment of a woman’s abortion status.

Kumar A, Hessini L, Mitchell EMH, Conceptualizing Abortion Stigma, 2009: Culture, Health & Sexuality, Vol: 11, No: 6, p625-639

This paper conceptualizes how social and political processes favour the emergence, perpetuation and normalisation of abortion stigma and gives examples of how abortion stigma is generated through popular and medical discourses, government and political structures, institutions, communities and via personal interactions