This systematic review explores the interaction between social inequality and the processes of exclusion and marginalisation related to HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination in recent studies. The selected studies reported that the axes of inequality examined in the literature were linked to specific cultural and socio-economic dimensions and analysed as factors that behave synergistically to increase social groups’ vulnerability to HIV. While half of the 42 articles viewed expression of stigma/discrimination to be the result of power dynamics that reinforce the processes of social exclusion. The other half of the articles tended to describe stigma as intrinsic to social interaction.
Monteiro SS, Villela WV, Soares PS, The interaction between axes of inequality in studies on discrimination, stigma and HIV/AIDS: Contributions to the recent international literature (2013) Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice, 8:5, 519-533, DOI: 10.1080/17441692.2013.779738.