Mendenhall E, Kohrt BA, Norris SA, Ndetei D, Prabhakaran D, Non-communicable disease syndemics: poverty, depression, and diabetes among low-income populations, Lancet. 2017 Mar 4; 389(10072): 951–963.

Employing diabetes as an exemplar with its comorbidity of HIV in Kenya, tuberculosis in India, and depression in South Africa, this paper explains  a model of syndemics that addresses transactional pathophysiology, socioeconomic conditions, health system structures, and cultural context, and also illustrates the different syndemics across these countries and the potential benefit of syndemic care to patients.

Link: 
Author: 
Mendenhall E
Kohrt BA
Norris SA
Ndetei D
Prabhakaran D
Long Title: 
Mendenhall E, Kohrt BA, Norris SA, Ndetei D, Prabhakaran D, Non-communicable disease syndemics: poverty, depression, and diabetes among low-income populations, Lancet. 2017 Mar 4; 389(10072): 951–963.